List of industrial property rights exist in China

Type Compose Definition Duration in China Main Govered Law
Patent Patents for invention invention means any new technical solution relating to a product, a process or improvement 20 years

Patents for utility model any new technical solution relating to the shape, the structure, or their combination, of a product, which is fit for practical use 10 years  
Patents for design any new design of the shape, the pattern or their combination, or the combination of the color with shape or pattern, of a product, which creates an aesthetic feeling and is fit for industrial application 10 years Patent Law of the PRC
Trademark  Totally 45 category 10 years Trademark Law of the PRC
Copyright 7 main categories  50 years Copyright law of the PRC and the Implementing Rules for the Copyright law of the PRC 

Government IPR Organizstions in China

Name Website Functions
State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) Patents; coordination of IPR enforcement among PRC authorities and lead office on foreign-related IPR matters
State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) tradmarks
National Copyright Administration (NCA), International Division copyrights
State Quality and Technical Supervision Bureau (SQTSB) Primarily patent and trademark issues involving product quality and human health concerns, especially conterfeits
General Administration of Customs (Customs) Enforcement of Customs-registered IP
Public Security Bureau (PSB) Raids and criminal cases

According to the State Intellectual Property Office, those foreign people who have fixed residences or business sites, or foreign enterprises or organizations located in China, enjoy same the privilege of Chinese people in the respect of patent right protection, i.e. they have the rights either to apply for patents as same as Chinese people do, or to enjoy protection from the Chinese Patent Law.

Any foreigner, foreign enterprise or other foreign organization having no fixed residence or business site in China files an application for a patent in China, the application shall be treated under this Patent Law in accordance with any agreement concluded between the country to which the applicant belongs and China, or in accordance with any international treaty to which both countries are member countries, or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity.

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