List of industrial property rights exist in China
|Type||Compose||Definition||Duration in China||Main Govered Law|
|Patent||Patents for invention||invention means any new technical solution relating to a product, a process or improvement||20 years|
|Patents for utility model||any new technical solution relating to the shape, the structure, or their combination, of a product, which is fit for practical use||10 years|
|Patents for design||any new design of the shape, the pattern or their combination, or the combination of the color with shape or pattern, of a product, which creates an aesthetic feeling and is fit for industrial application||10 years||Patent Law of the PRC|
|Trademark||Totally 45 category||10 years||Trademark Law of the PRC|
|Copyright||7 main categories||50 years||Copyright law of the PRC and the Implementing Rules for the Copyright law of the PRC|
Government IPR Organizstions in China
|State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO)||www.cpo.cn.net||Patents; coordination of IPR enforcement among PRC authorities and lead office on foreign-related IPR matters|
|State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC)||www.saic.gov.cn||tradmarks|
|National Copyright Administration (NCA), International Division||www.ncac.gov.cn||copyrights|
|State Quality and Technical Supervision Bureau (SQTSB)||www.cqi.gov.cn||Primarily patent and trademark issues involving product quality and human health concerns, especially conterfeits|
|General Administration of Customs (Customs)||www.customs.gov.cn||Enforcement of Customs-registered IP|
|Public Security Bureau (PSB)||www.mps.gov.cn/n16/index.html||Raids and criminal cases|
According to the State Intellectual Property Office, those foreign people who have fixed residences or business sites, or foreign enterprises or organizations located in China, enjoy same the privilege of Chinese people in the respect of patent right protection, i.e. they have the rights either to apply for patents as same as Chinese people do, or to enjoy protection from the Chinese Patent Law.
Any foreigner, foreign enterprise or other foreign organization having no fixed residence or business site in China files an application for a patent in China, the application shall be treated under this Patent Law in accordance with any agreement concluded between the country to which the applicant belongs and China, or in accordance with any international treaty to which both countries are member countries, or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity.